Monthly Archives: December 2018

Cost reductions suggested for Belmont Bridge replacement

A value engineering report has been released to help reduce the cost to replace the Belmont Bridge in downtown Charlottesville. Such a study is required for any project with a budget over $15 million, according to a status report released by the city this week.

“A thorough, independent analysis was conducted for the overall project to identify risks, improve constructability, and reduce costs,” reads the email from Jeanette Janiczek, urban construction manager for the city.

The bridge replacement has been in the planning stages for nearly ten years. Now the details of those plans are being worked out, such as coordination with the Buckingham Branch Railroad about the fence that will be constructed to stop pedestrians from dropping items onto the tracks. The firm Kimley-Horn was hired to create the design for a project with a $23 million budget.

An aerial rendering of the future Belmont Bridge, the design of which continues to be refined before

Changes will include changing construction methods for the median and adjusting the spacing of the bridge beams.

The Board of Architectural Review will take a look at two proposals that require approval at their February meeting. One would be to replace “scored concrete crosswalks” with “high visibility crosswalks” at the two signalized intersections.

“This would maintain consistency with other crosswalks within the City which aids in matching driver expectations, increases visibility of pedestrians in the crosswalk, improves constructability due to the multiple shifts in travel lanes during construction, simplifies maintenance in the future and reduces initial expenses by approximately $88,500,” Janiczek said.

The other will be to change the materials in the parking lot underneath the bridge from “scored concrete” to “asphalt” for an additional $290,000 in savings.

Below is a list of details about the project. This information is straight from the city. 

The bridge replacement project is striving to address four specific needs:

  1. to improve safety for the traveling public;
  2. to provide pedestrian and bicyclist accommodations;
  3. to maintain connectivity with the surrounding community, neighborhoods and business activity centers; and
  4. to accommodate vehicular traffic volumes

The preferred concept proposes to address these needs with the following approved major design features:

A replacement bridge that is shortened to approximately 236 LF in length and maintains the existing 62’ width Roadway Section on Avon/9th Street between Levy Avenue and East Market Street intersections will consist of one travel lane in each direction, a protected 7’ wide bike lane in each direction and a 10’ wide pedestrian sidewalk in each direction. Turning lanes will be added/lengthened at each intersection to maximize efficiency of each signal while maintaining traffic flow.

“Old” Avon Street will be closed to vehicular traffic between Levy Avenue and East South Street to improve the function and safety of the Levy Avenue/9th Street intersection for all modes of travel while creating a pedestrian plaza within the former roadway.
Enhanced pedestrian lighting and landscaping will be provided along 9th Street between Levy Avenue and East Market Street.

New sidewalk will be constructed along neighboring streets to the project corridor and landscaping will be installed – on East South Street, Avon Street, Graves Street and Water Street.

  • Additional new proposed pedestrian features include:
  • a pedestrian passageway under 9th Street south of the railroad,
  • a reconstructed staircase connecting “Old” Avon Street to 9th Street,
  • new staircases from 9th Street to Water Street on either side of the bridge north of the railroad and a mezzanine to cross 9th Street under the bridge

Urban design group takes look at Emmet Streetscape plan


Conceptual design for streetscape between Ivy Road and the railroad bridge

A $12.1 million plan to update Emmet Street in Charlottesville could offer both the city and the University of Virginia the chance to turn a suburban thoroughfare into a place less dependent on motorized vehicles.

However the outcome of the project will depend on the totality of public comment from stakeholders.

“It’s hard to get 100 percent consensus and direction from the public because some people would say widen it and say increase the speeds to 45 miles per hour,” said Mike Callahan, a planner with the engineering firm EPR. “Most people are saying they want it more walkable and bikable and to slow the traffic, especially the University community.”

Callahan made his comments at the December 13, 2018 meeting of the PLACE Design Task Force, an advisory group formed in 2012 to advise City Council on urban design issues.

The scope of the project runs the roughly half mile between the Ivy Road and Arlington Boulevard. While most of the land along the corridor is owned by the University of Virginia or its real estate foundation, the public right of way is governed by the city. Over 25,000 vehicles a day passed through the corridor in 2017 according to traffic estimates from the Virginia Department of Transportation.

In 2016, the city was successful in obtaining the funding for the project in the first round of the VDOT’s Smart Scale program. The community engagement process began in April.

“We’re really at an important stage of locking in on the preliminary design of what the best improvements we can fit into this that will function well,” said John Stewart, an engineer with Clark Nexsen, a firm hired by the city to design the project. EPR is working as a subcontractor.

The final design will be finished next year. In 2020, the firm will begin utility relocation and right of way acquisition to prepare for a construction start date the following year.

“In early 2023 we would like to have this constructed,” Stewart said.

Several changes have come to the area in the past year. The University of Virginia has demolished the Cavalier Inn. In October, granted a special use permit that will allow the eighty-foot-tall Gallery Court Hotel an eight-story hotel on the site of a smaller structure that burned down in May 2017.

The streetscape project gives a rare opportunity for the city to help inform the plans of the University of Virginia. Earlier this year, the Board of Visitors approved a new master plan for the athletic facilities centered around University Hall, a structure that is also slated to be demolished.

While of the land in the area is vacant, there are homes in the corridor. The eastern side is the location of both the 174-unit Lambeth Field Apartments and the 69-unit University Gardens complex.

Working out the details

The existing public right of way in the corridor is 64 feet. The draft streetscape shows that being extended to 79 feet.

One item that has yet to be determined is the location of a shared-use path that was specified in the Smart Scale application.

“Does that go on the east side or the west side of the corridor?” Callahan asked. “We started out on the east but as we got going and talked to the steering committee and the public, a lot of concerns were raised.”

One of those was that the new hotel will be built much closer to the street than the previous structure.

“It meant the trail and the tunnel would have to go behind it,” Callahan added.

During community engagement efforts, Callahan said participants were clear that they want a physical barrier of some sort between the vehicular lanes and the bike lanes.

Another concern raised by the public is amount of time it takes to cross the intersection of Emmet Street and Ivy Road.

“We saw during our walking tour that it takes a lot of time to cross there,” Callahan said. “We want to make that a much safer intersection for bikes and pedestrians.”

UVA has plans to eliminate a lane that will allow motorists to turn into the Lewis Mountain Parking Garage from Emmet Street. That means the design team is considering adding new space for vehicles as a replacement.

“A lot of people use that according to our traffic analysis so adding a southbound right turn-lane that’s dedicated onto Ivy westbound was something people raised and we included,” Callahan said.

Another topic that has come up is whether there needs to be both bike lanes and a shared-use path in the project. The answer to this question will inform the amount of right of way that will need to be purchased or donated.

“A bike lane is going to be used by bicycle commuters going 20 miles an hour,” Callahan said. “A shared-use path is going to be better for those bicyclists that are more recreational and those who don’t feel that comfortable being that closer to [vehicular] traffic.”

City Councilor Kathy Galvin, an ex officio member of PLACE, pointed out that the John Warner Parkway has bike lanes as well as a shared-use path.

“If I’m in a rush and in more of a contemplative mode, I’ll go on the multi-use trail,” Galvin said.

Can the road be slowed down?

While one stated goal of the project is to make Emmet Street safer and welcoming for non-vehicular traffic, Galvin expressed concern existing conditions would make that difficult.

“My concern is that it’s just going to be a very fast road no matter what you do because you don’t have buildings on the edge of the right of way,” Galvin said. “You have nothing but an open field. Eventually there will be buildings on the west side but on the east side it will be [mostly] empty.”

Frustrated by the apparent widening of the Ivy and Emmet Street, a PLACE member who is a assistant professor in the UVA School of Architecture suggested removing that turn lane from the concept and routing vehicles bound for the parking garage to turn left onto Massie Road and then Copeley Road instead.

“This then becomes a viable pedestrian and bicycle Complete Street from Massie Road down to Ivy,” said Andrew Mondschein.

However, the scope of the streetscape doesn’t cover that possibility.

“It may be outside the scope but it’s up to the city to decide on a turn lane,” said Mike Stoneking, chair of the PLACE Design Task Force and himself an urban designer.

The University of Virginia’s Office of the Architect is developing a long-term plan for the Ivy Road corridor. No representatives from the office were at the PLACE meeting, but Galvin remarked that the draft plan calls for the Cavalier Inn site to remain open space.

“When the University just wants to keep open space at its gateway, it is just going to be a fast road,” Galvin said. “You’re not going to get any notion of place until you get to the Barracks Road area.”

In contrast, Mondschein argued there are opportunities due to the future hotel and the fact that traffic has to slow down once it travels north on Emmet into Grounds, where the speed limit is already 25 mph.

In recent years, Council has made several land use decisions to allow autocentric uses on Emmet Street between U.S. 250 and Barracks Road, such as a car wash at 1300 Emmet and a drive-through for a restaurant at 1248 Emmet Street. Galvin said those decisions have limited the ability to turn the rest of the roadway into a place more befitting for pedestrians.

“That boat has sailed and the only thing I can see as probably creating an urban place is at the intersection of Barracks and Emmet,” Galvin said. In 2017, the city received $8 million funding through another Smart Scale project to address that intersection. That project has not yet begun.

A developer who serves on the PLACE group said there are market reasons for why autocentric uses are prominent in that section of the street.

“There is overwhelming private sector demand for that type of use,” Henry said. “When you have 30,000 cars on the street, it’s like flies to honey for fast food.”

However, PLACE members were adamant that this streetscape project help inform a future where fewer people drive.

“I believe that from the bypass down to [Ivy Road] it’s going to be a tight urban condition one day,” Stoneking said. “The sooner the infrastructure projects that, the better.”

Stoneking summarized that PLACE would like to see a design with shared-use paths on both sides of the road, want to minimize widening of the Emmet and Ivy intersection and wants to find a way to improve the design of the passageways that travel under the railway embankment.

The project went before the Charlottesville Planning Commission on December 18, 2018.

Council’s emphasis on housing issues reflected in proposed capital budget

The Charlottesville Planning Commission on Tuesday will see a draft capital improvement plan for the next five years that corresponds with a desire by City Council to refurbish the existing stock of subsidized housing units.

Budget staff have prepared a draft capital budget that more than doubles the amount of funding for housing-related programs.

“As has been the case in recent years, preparing for this five-year plan was most challenging,” wrote Ryan Davidson, the city’s senior budget and management analyst. “What is being presented to the Planning Commission reflects what we know at this time regarding the City’s total revenue and expenditure needs for FY2020.”

Interim City Manager Mike Murphy’s recommended budget for the next fiscal year will be presented to Council in early March of next year. Each year, Council generally approves the budget by April 15 after a series of work sessions that include public input.

While the capital budget lists potential outlays for a five-year period, Council only adopts a definitive budget for the twelve months that begin on July 1. The other four years are projections and can be changed or altered by future Councilors.

This past April, Council adopted a capital budget for FY2019 of $23.4 million. The proposed capital budget for FY2020 is $35.3 million, an increase of 51 percent over the current year.

The higher amount reflects a willingness of the current Council to put more funding toward affordable housing, including the redevelopment of properties owned and managed by the Charlottesville Redevelopment and Housing Authority and the Piedmont Housing Alliance.

The additional $12 million in capital funding for FY19 is made up of a $1.7 million increase from the general fund, $1.87 million by moving money from existing capital funds, $3.2 million from a budget surplus from FY 2018 and a bond issue in FY20 that is $7 million higher than the previous year.

The surplus money is specifically to be used for “affordable housing redevelopment” according to the line item in the draft budget.

The capital budget anticipates spending $15 million on public housing redevelopment over the next five years. That’s an increase from $500,000 in the current year. While the topic has been the subject of at least two Council work sessions, no specific course forward has been agreed to yet.

“This project would be to begin to set aside funding for the future redevelopment of the
City’s public housing sites,” the staff report reads.

There will no longer be a capital contribution made specifically to the Charlottesville Affordable Housing Fund.

Instead, funding will go to specific line items such as $900,000 for a supplemental rental assistance program to help increase the number of housing vouchers. Another $500,000 will go to “housing rehabilitation.”

“This would provide a continued source of funds for the housing rehabilitation projects
that were previously funded through the Charlottesville Affordable Housing Fund,” reads the staff report.

The Piedmont Housing Alliance is slated to get $1.54 million in infrastructure improvements for Friendship Court and another $4.4 million toward the first phase of redevelopment.

“This is a request for the costs of infrastructure construction related to the phased
redevelopment of Friendship Court into a mixed-use, mixed-income neighborhood,” reads the staff report. “The final redevelopment will be approximately 450 residential units in addition to an early childhood center and other commercial spaces that will serve the community.”

That includes replacement of 150 existing units that are currently provides to households that make less than 30 percent of the annual area median income, 150 new units that be set aside for families making between 40 and 60 percent of AMI and 150 for “middle-income households.”

All told, that translates to more than a doubling of funds toward housing in the capital program from $3.4 million this year to $7.3 million in FY2020. The five-year budget anticipates $17.5 million to be spent on this priority from FY20 to FY24.

There is another $300,000 that is anticipated for “City Yard Environmental Remediation.” City Yard is a 10.4 acre plot of land owned by the city of Charlottesville between West Main Street and Preston Street. The land is within the scope of a small area plan being conducted by the New Hill Development Group that is intended to help design a future neighborhood on the site.

“The City Yard at 4th St NW is the site of a former Manufactured Gas Plant (MGP), the
nearly 100-years of operations of which have left various byproducts and contamination
On-site,” reads the staff report. “While there is no clear State mandate or authority to address the on-site waste, its presence is and will continue to be a real or perceived liability that may limit or preclude transfer of ownership and redevelopment.”

The specific request is to complete the investigation stage and to pay for design of whatever remediation is required. A request for proposals for this service was issued earlier this month.

The 10.4 square acre property was assessed with a value of $6.87 million in 2018, down from $7.67 million in 2017.

Public safety and parks

The increased capital budget is not all related to increased capital spending on housing projects.

In early December, Albemarle and Charlottesville officials finally agreed to proceed with a plan to jointly locate their two General District courts in Court Square. The city anticipates spending $6.36 million on this project over the next two years. Albemarle County will pick up the rest of the $30 million tab.

“Under the agreement, Albemarle and Charlottesville will undertake a redevelopment of the Levy Building site, located at 350 Park Street,” reads the staff report for Tuesday’s meeting. “The Levy Building will be renovated for use by the County Commonwealth’s Attorney Office and a new 3-story building connected to the Levy Building will accommodate court sets for the City General District Court and County General District Court.”

Additionally, the capital budget shows $3.7 million going toward a replacement of the fire station on the U.S. 250 bypass. The city this week issued a request for proposals for a firm to design the new structure.

“After accounting for current station deviancies and various constraints surrounding ‘optimal’ fire station locations, the Study recommended the redevelopment of both the Bypass Station and the Ridge Street Station at their current locations, with the Bypass Station being the highest priority,” reads the staff report.

While there is $245,000 programmed for new restrooms at Riverview Park, there is no money in the five-year capital budget to implement a master plan for McIntire Park. The budget does anticipate the spending of $1.2 million over the next three years (including the current year) on renovations at Darden Towe Park, which is jointly owned by the city and Albemarle County.

Several line items that have been in the budget for many years have been zeroed out for the coming year and others have been slated for elimination completely. There is no money proposed for “economic development strategic initiatives” in FY20 or FY21, though $150,000 is programmed for each of the following three years.

The capital budget for the current fiscal year includes $250,000 for “NDS permit tracking software replacement” and $50,000 for a “cultural landscape study.” Neither of those will receive additional funding.

The city will continue to spend $200,000 a year on “bicycle infrastructure.”

“Potential projects will be vetted through the Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety Committee as well as at Traffic Meetings to include N.D.S., police, fire, parks/trails planner, and public works,” reads the staff report.

Two separate line items for “trails and greenway development” and “parkland acquisition” have now been combined into a single “parkland and trails acquisition and development” that is slated to receive $1.25 million over the next five years.

“These funds will be used to pursue land acquisition opportunities to preserve open space,
protect natural resources and improve riparian buffers and provide future trail connections,” reads the staff report. “Green infrastructure and open space conservation are often the cheapest way to safeguard drinking water, clean the air and achieve other environmental goals.”

There is another $625,000 that would be spent to refurbish infrastructure of the downtown mall, a project that currently does not have a dedicated source of revenue. If agreed to by Council, this money will come directly from fees paid for by mall vendors.

“Examples of work would include runnel repair or renovation, crossing repairs,
repairs to section from Omni to Water Street, reworking/repairing larger fields of pavers
that have failed or are failing, light relocation or replacement, upgrading electrical
systems to include more efficient lighting fixtures, banner and flag bracket replacement
and repairs, twice a year cleaning and sanding and similar activities,” reads the staff report.

Unfunded projects

As is the case every year, there are more requests than can be funded.

  • Central Library Renovation – $12.3 million
  • Ridge Street Fire Station and Redevelopment – $10.9 million
  • Dairy Road Bridge Replacement – $6.5 million
  • McIntire Park Master Plan Implementation – $6 million
  • Washington Park Recreation Center Replacement – $5.25 million
  • New sidewalks inside the Strategic Investment Area – $4.9 million
  • Tonsler Park Master Plan implementation – $3.5 million
  • Meadow Creek Valley Trail Railroad Tunnel – $1.47 million
  • Stribling Avenue sidewalk – $1.45 million
  • Monticello Trail / I-64 Tunnel – $1.45 million
  • Structural maintenance at Market Street Garage – $485,000