Eight days until Charlottesville City Council adopts a budget

There are eight days left until Charlottesville City Council will adopt a budget for the next fiscal year, and many remaining decisions have yet to be made on tax rates.

  • Will there be an increase in the city’s real estate tax increase? Council can increase to as high as $1.05 per $100 of assessed value.
  • Will the city lower the personal property tax rate on vehicles to provide relief in the face of climbing values? The Commissioner of Revenue has recommended doing so, but leaving it at $4.20 per $100 of assessed value would bring in $2 million in additional revenue. 
  • Will Council agree to a half percentage point in the meals tax? There’s a public hearing on this tonight.  

Charlottesville City Council meets twice this week, and once again on April 12 to formally adopt the budget, which is larger than presented in March due to higher revenue projections. 

Council met three times last week, including a work session on he capital improvement program on March 31 at which city staff indicated there may be more money available to support Council initiatives. 

“That’s roughly about $3.7 million that we can add to the FY23 budget,” said Krisy Hammill, the city’s Senior Budget Management Analyst.

More on those details in a moment. This is a long one. 

Capital Improvement Program recap

The March 31 work session was a chance for Hammill to go through the nearly $157.4 million five year plan in detail. (read the presentation)

The draft five-year CIP recommends $75 million for school reconfiguration, and the budget recommended by staff anticipates $2.5 million of that being allocated in FY23 and the rest in FY24. 

It should be noted that Council can only make final decisions about the next fiscal year, and it will be up to their future counterparts to make the next set of choices. Over time, economic conditions will change. 

The capital improvement plan does have projects that were approved by previous Councils and that budget staff have factored into the overall plan but for which bonds have not yet been sold. 

Any Council can end those projects and transfer the paper money to another, such as last year when Council directed staff to take $18.6 million from the West Main Streetscape project and put it toward school reconfiguration. 

The current schedule anticipates the issuance of nearly $16.9 million in bond sales in calendar year 2023. 

Reviewing Planning Commission recommendations

Council was also briefed on recommendations from the Charlottesville Planning Commission on the CIP, including one that sought to overturn a decision made by Council five years ago to purchase property on East Market Street for a future parking structure.  

See also

“They recommended that existing and requested parking structure funding be reduced to a minimum so we basically removed all of the funding that was originally proposed in 23,” Hammill said. “It was remaining at $1.3 million. We took all of that out so if you look at this current draft there is no additional money for the parking structure.”

The city paid $2.85 million for the property and the idea had been to tear down two commercial structures and consolidate the lot with one next door to build a garage to support an expanded courts complex to serve both Albemarle and Charlottesville. Under the terms of an agreement signed in December 2018, the city must provide a certain amount of spaces to Albemarle. 

“My understanding is that we’re still in discussions with the county on the path forward there, but there are no new dollars,” Hammill said. 

The city has a balance of $2.8 million for the parking garage, according to economic development director Chris Engel. Again, this funding represents bonds previously authorized by Council but not yet sold. 

Hammill said staff were able to accomplish some of the Planning Commission’s other requests such as fully funding the city’s efforts to treat and remove Ash Trees at a level of $105,000 a year as well as increasing funding for new sidewalks to $100,000. They also recommended decreasing funds for other categories, such as economic development strategic initiatives, small area plans, and implementation of the Strategic Investment Area. 

New pathway forward for Stribling sidewalks

Other projects that have been discussed since the budget was introduced in early March include $4.9 million to cover the city’s cost to build a sidewalk on Stribling Avenue as well as new section of the Meadowcreek Trail. 

See alsoCity Manager Rogers to negotiate with Southern Development on Stribling sidewalk agreement, March 25, 2022

Hammill suggested taking the $1.3 million from the parking garage and assigning that to the Stribling Project plus an agreement with Southern Development to pay a $2.9 million loan to city to build the project in order to support a rezoning for 170 units.

“And that would actually get you to a point where you could add that project and given the timing from the developer and otherwise, that is more suited for an FY25 add than a FY23,” Hammill said.

It must be noted that Fiscal Year 2025 begins on July 1, 2024. Budgets are confusing. 

The city is still in negotiations with Southern Development with the details and the rezoning will return to Council at a later date. 

“We are definitely facing well over a year of planning on this sidewalk project,” Sanders said. “It is that complicated.”

There are nearly $5 million in requests from the Piedmont Housing Alliance to help subsidize the cost of new units on Park Street. 

Tax rate scenarios could lead to new real estate tax rate increase this year

Toward the end of her presentation, Hammill showed multiple scenarios for school reconfiguration, some of which are built on Council agreeing to a total of $68.8 million for that purpose. 

This anticipates the use of $7.5 million in American Rescue Plan Act funds received by the school system as well as the use of $6.7 million from the city’s surplus from Fiscal Year 2021. 

While Hammill showed two scenarios that include at least a five cent increase in the real estate tax rate, she also suggested the city may have more money than originally suggested. 

Hammill also discussed increases in revenues for FY23, including an additional $900,000 for sales tax, $500,000 for the lodging tax, and $25,000 for the meals tax.

“We’ve bumped those up some based on our current collection rate,” Hammill said. “We continue to see growth in those and we continue to see recovery at a faster rate than we had originally anticipated.” 

Council could also choose to not lower the personal property tax rate, as Commissioner of Revenue Todd Divers has suggested. All told, the city’s anticipated revenues are higher than presented in early March. 

“That’s roughly about $3.7 million that we can add to the FY23 budget,” Hammill said. 

Those higher than anticipated revenues are also affecting the current year  and Hammill said there is currently a projected surplus of $12.4 million in revenues. 

“If you were to decide to do a tax increase that would also be an impact on FY22 and that number would go up,” Hammill said.

That’s because the tax rate applies to the calendar year, not the fiscal year.

In addition, the city also has a CIP contingency account that has a balance of around $11.4 million.  Some of this funding could be applied to some of the priorities and Council faces several choices for how to proceed, such as using some of the contingency to cover the Piedmont Housing Alliance requests?

“I like the opportunity to have options,” said Vice Mayor Juandiego Wade.

Councilor Brian Pinkston sought clarification if Hammill was suggesting that the city could use those funds to avoid an increase in the real estate tax this year. 

“That is one option,” Hammill said. “The risk here is that something could happen and these two years, this surplus maybe does not materialize.” 

Surplus funds cannot be used and allocated until they have been independently audited which usually happens in December. 

Mayor Lloyd Snook said the surplus could be used to cover the costs of future debt services in the future. 

“What that does is, A, it buys us a year before we have to decide whether to raise the tax rate, which also buys us some time to see if the General Assembly folks can pull some magic out of a hat for a sales tax increase,” Snook said. 

Snook said he would prefer not to raise the real estate tax rate in a year when assessments are up over ten percent. 

Councilor Sena Magill repeated her desire for a real estate tax increase this year. 

“I would feel more comfortable if we had one cent at least that we are putting toward the school fund,” Magill said.

Councilor Michael Payne also supported a tax increase this year to ensure the city can increase spending on affordable housing, transit, and collective bargaining. 

“I would think that a real estate would be less regressive than the meals or the personal property tax and that we should be looking at that,” Payne said. 

Tonight’s public hearing is on the meals tax and there will be a budget work session on Thursday. 

“I would hope that meeting would be the meeting where we would finally hash out the details and we would come at the end of the meeting with an agreement,” Snook said. 

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